Bangladesh and the West: The Problem of News Media Silence

Nick Cohen has an excellent article in today’s Observer (HT/ES). In his discussion he goes into (ancient history) about the separation of Bangladesh from Pakistan in the 1970s and the  massacres carried out by Pakistani troops and their Islamist allies. He does not mention the even greater massacres perpetrated by a previous generation of Muslims against the Hindus who happened to inhabit Western Bengal (which went to East Pakistan [later Bangladesh] in the aftermath of the partition of Bengal at the creation of India and Pakistan in 1949: according to one study, over half a million Hindus were murdered, and 3-5 million of them fled to India.

The agonies of Bangladesh come to London
Shahbag protests in Dhaka are reflected in the demonstrations in London

Nick Cohen

The Observer, Saturday 16 February 2013

Three men stand in Bangladeshi national colours in Shahbag square. Photograph: Kazi Sudipto/ Demotix/Corbis

The Shahbag junction in Dhaka has become Bangladesh’s Tahrir Square. Hundreds of thousands of young protesters are occupying it and raging against radical Islamists. Even sympathetic politicians cannot control the movement. The protesters damn them as appeasers, who have compromised with unconscionable men.

Theirs is a grassroots uprising for the most essential and neglected values of our age: secularism, the protection of minorities from persecution and the removal of theocratic thugs from the private lives and public arguments of 21st-century citizens.

Naturally, the western media show little interest in covering the protest. The indifference is all the more telling because the Shahbag movement is a response to a crime westerners once deplored, but have almost forgotten.

The young in Dhaka have revolted over the war crimes trials of members of Jamaat-e-Islami. That useful leftwing term “clerical fascist” might have been invented to describe what they did. In 1971, the oppressed “eastern wing” of Pakistan rose against its masters to form Bangladesh. The Pakistani army responded with a campaign of mass murder and mass rape, which shocked a 20th century that thought it had seen it all. George Harrison and Ravi Shankar, the Bonos of their day, organised benefit concerts at Madison Square Garden. The murder of Hindus and Christians, the flight of refugees and the chance to weaken Pakistan pushed Indira Gandhi into one of the finest actions of her murky career. She sent the Indian army to liberate the tortured land.

The Pakistani occupiers were helped at every stage by Islamist activists. Jamaat took its inspiration from Abul Ala Maududi who has as good a claim as anyone to be the founder of political Islam. Maududi wanted a global war to establish a caliphate. The break-up of Muslim Pakistan impeded the prospect of a world revolution. To prevent this reverse, his followers formed death squads to slaughter the intellectuals, engineers, administrators and teachers who could make an independent Bangladesh work. The outcome of a belated trial of handful of Jamaat war criminals has set Bangladesh on fire.

As with popular revolts throughout history, Bangladeshi liberals are in two minds about the Shahbag demonstrations. On the one hand, they cannot fail to admire the determination of the young to state loudly and clearly that “religion-based politics had poisoned society”, as Zafar Sobhan, editor of the Dhaka Tribune put it. On the other, the demonstrators are saying with equal force that they want the death penalty, that most anti-liberal of punishments, applied to the war criminals without mercy.

Do I hear you say that Bangladesh is far away and the genocide was long ago?

Not so far away. Not so long ago. And the agonies of Bangladeshi liberals are nothing in comparison to the contradictions of their British counterparts.

The conflict between the Shahbag and Jamaat has already reached London. On 9 February, local supporters of the uprising demonstrated in Altab Ali Park, a rare patch of green space off the Whitechapel Road in London’s East End. They were met by Jamaatis. “They attacked our men with stones,” one of the protest’s organisers told me. “There were old people and women and children there, but they still attacked us.”

The redoubtable organiser is undeterred. She and her fellow activists are going back to the park tomorrow for another demonstration. Her friends are worried, however. They asked me not to name her after unknown assailants murdered Ahmed Rajib Haider Shuvo, one of the leaders of the Dhaka rallies, on Friday.

Whitechapel was where socialists and Jews confronted the British Union of Fascists in clashes that leftists mythologise as a grand moment of anti-Nazi solidarity. While they still talk about the Battle of Cable Street and remember 1936, it is far from clear to me where today’s British left stands in relation to modern struggles against ultra-reactionaries.

Liberal muliticulturalism contains the seeds of its own negation. It can either be liberal or multicultural but it can’t be both.

I would temper this categorical statement. On one level, liberalism is multicultural in the sense that it can tolerate a much broader range of cultural and religious diversity than non-liberal societies. In the present age, when multiculturalism is extended to profoundly illiberal groups like Islamists, it runs into the kinds of problems Cohen addresses here.

Multiculturalism has not meant a defence of all people’s rights to practise their religions and speak their minds without suffering racial or sectarian hatred. As events have turned out, it has led to official society picking the pushiest group of “community leaders” and honouring them.

And, ironically, this absurd application of liberalism – tolerate the violently intolerant – has led to the demonization of a liberal state, Israel, which these same proto-totalitarians despise. Apparently, it’s not enough to tolerate Islamo-fascists, but we are supposed to adopt their hatreds as a sign of our good faith.

In the case of British Islam, the anointed group was Jamaat-e-Islami, even though its British members included men accused of war crimes in Bangladesh. It was as if the establishment had decided that Opus Dei represented British Catholicism or Shiv Sena represented British Hinduism or the most bigoted form of orthodoxy represented British Judaism.

The scoundrel left led the way down this murky alley, as it leads the way into so many dark places. Ken Livingstone and George Galloway have backed the Jamaat-dominated East London mosque, and Islamic Forum Europe, the Jamaat front organisation that now controls local politics in Tower Hamlets.

But to concentrate on the dregs of the Labour movement is to miss the point. Whitehall has been as keen on dealing with the allies of war criminals. Many East Enders have noticed that the Metropolitan Police seems less than anxious to follow up reports of menacing “Muslim patrols” or threats to drinkers at gay bars.

The moderate Muslims at the Quilliam Foundation told me that the status Britain had given to Jamaat helped push British Bangladeshis away from social democratic politics and towards radical Islam.

The British-Asian feminist Gita Sahgal launched the Centre for Secular Space last week to combat such indulgence of theocratic obscurantism. She told me that Jamaat perverts traditional faith and she should know. Not only did she name alleged Jamaat war criminals living in Britain for Channel 4 in the 1990s, she is also Jawaharlal Nehru’s great niece and a distant relative of the Indira Gandhi who sent the army into Bangladesh. I admire Sahgal and Quilliam hugely, but they are mistrusted, even hated by orthodox leftwingers. The feeling is reciprocated in spades and perhaps you can see why.

Many do not want to talk about Bangladesh massacres that moved liberal opinion to outrage in the 1970s, just as many did not want to talk about Saddam Hussein’s gassing of the Kurds in the run-up to the second Iraq war. These are politically inconvenient genocides they would rather forget.

The most bracing effect of the demonstrations in Dhaka and London is that the terror is not being forgotten and liberals are being forced to pick sides. Let us hope that they stop picking the wrong one.

The reluctance of the British news media to cover these events is part of a larger pattern, recently visible in the USA in the reluctance to cover the Benghazi debacle.

benghazi and media


2 Responses to Bangladesh and the West: The Problem of News Media Silence

  1. Ivan says:

    Sorry, this “Benghazigate” business is getting tiresome. There was a “debacle” but the idea that this was some sort of Obama conspiracy abetted and covered up by the “mainstream media” is nonsense, a kind of latter-day Republican 9/11 trutherism. It just makes us look silly. Give it a break!

  2. Martin J. Malliet says:

    Of course Benghazi wasn’t an Obama-conspiracy. It was no more than a debacle. But not a debacle that can be abstracted from Western difficulties to understand and address the islamist threat. I for myself have now gone one step further than Ayaan Hirsi Ali and Koenraad Elst, who say that islam itself is the problem and Muslims must be severed entirely from their islamic belief system, if we do not want to be left with the only option of violent self-defense against Muslims being led and terrorised by islamist rabble into an anti-Western insurgency. I explained my thinking in my piece on “Natural law and Friedrich Nietzsche’s discovery of the individual. Or how it is not the madness of the prophet that is the problem, but his godforsaken self-righteousness and disrespect of the natural law”. I think I posted it as a reply somewhere else on this blog, but can’t find it anymore.

    My new position is not practically in contradiction with Ayaan Hirsi Ali’s and Koenraad Elst’s position, i.e. the end-result at which it is aimed is the same. I just think it is clearer and less exposed to the inevitable ad hominem counter-attack of islamophobia to say: we do not even fear Muslims (people) adhering to their self-righteous islamic beliefs (prophet) as long as they respect our own and everybody else’s right of life, liberty and property. I myself don’t know how both could be reconciled. But if Muslisms find a way to do so, they’re always welcome.

    It also has the advantage of not offering any compromise to the Western social-democratic (leftist) ideologues’ own self-righteous disrespect of the natural law (the individual right of life, liberty and property, with property rights and freedom of contract being their main and explicit targets). Because it is Western social-democratic self-righteousness that explains the natural affinity Western multi-culturalist and relativist ideologues appear to be developing with islamist ideologues. Anti-capitalism, anti-Zionism, and anti-Western insurgency, it’s one same self-righteous struggle against the ‘oppressors’.

    I’m using my own blog now to keep some order, and to prepare I don’t know what yet for the 2014 Belgian federal election, which will be a though and very confused fight between the social-democratic mainstream parties backed-up by the MSNM and a reborn Flemish nationalist party attracting the not so nationalist protest votes of liberal-conservative Flemish voters in great numbers. The fight of the social-democratic mainstream parties against the Flemish nationalist challenger, with misrepresentation of the challenger’s position and motives being greatly facilitated by this nationalist ideological heritage, actually started with the 2007 election, and it already has become impossible to untwist all the twisting that has been going on since then. It is fearsome, I can tell you. And as Koenraad Elst somewhere says from his Indian background, “a few well placed bullets” can have serious consequences in such a situation.

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