Richard Landes CV

Curriculum Vitae

RICHARD A. LANDES

Historian,  Jerusalem, Israel

[email protected]

 

Senior Fellow

The Center for International Communication

Bar-Ilan University

Israel

(972) 505-488-073

EDUCATION:

Princeton University, History: M.A. (1979); Ph.D. (1984)

Ecole Normale Supérieure (1971-72)

Harvard University, Social Studies, B.A. (1971)

DISSERTATION:

“The Making of a Medieval Historian: Ademar of Chabannes and Aquitaine at the Turn of the Millennium” Princeton, 1984

POSITIONS HELD:

Senior Fellow, The Center for International Communication, Bar-Ilan University 2015-

Professor, History, Boston University, 1991-2015

Director, Center for Millennial Studies at Boston University, 1996-2003

Professor, History, University of Pittsburgh, 1986-1990

Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow, Columbia University, 1984-1986

PUBLICATIONS

Books:

  • Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience (Oxford University Press, 2011)
  • The Paranoid Apocalypse: A Hundred Year Retrospective on The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, ed. Richard Landes and Steven Katz (NYU Press, NY, 2011)
  • The Apocalyptic Year 1000: Studies in the Mutation of European Culture, essays edited by Richard Landes, Andrew Gow, and David Van Meter (Oxford University Press, 2003)
  • Encyclopedia of Millennialism and Millennial Movements, ed. Richard Landes (Berkshire Reference Works; Routledge, NY, 2000)
  • Ademari Cabannensis Chronicon, ed. Pascale Bourgain, Richard Landes and Georges Pon, Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Medieualis, 129 (Tournout, Brepols, 1999)
  • Relics, Apocalypse, and the Deceits of History: Ademar of Chabannes (989-1034) (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1995)
  • The Peace of God: Social Violence and Religious Response in France around the Year 1000, ed. Thomas Head and Richard Landes (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992)
  • Naissance d’Apotre: Les origines de la Vita prolixior de Saint Martial de Limoges au XIe siècle with K. Paupert, trans. of the Vita prolixior (Turnhout: Brepols, 1991)

Articles:

  • “Anti-Zionism: The Soft Underbelly in Jihad’s Cognitive War on the Western World,” ISGAP Publications, 2017.
  • “Erases, Replaces…”: The Global Progressive Left, Anti-Zionism, and Post-Modern Supersessionism,” in Anti-Semitism, Anti-Zionism and the Dynamics of Delegitimization, ed. Alvin Rosenfeld (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2017)
  • “The Wages of Moral Schadenfreude in the Press: Anti-Zionism and European Jihad,” in From Antisemitism To Anti-Zionism: The Past & Present Of A Lethal Ideology, ed. Eunice G. Pollack (Brighton MA: Academic Studies Press, 2017)
  • “The Peace of God: Demotic Religiosity and the Millennial Dynamics of the Central Middle Ages,” in Religion and Peace, ed. Yvonne Friedman (London: Taylor and Francis, 2017).
  • Celebrating’ Orientalism: Edward Said’s Honor and Shame,” Middle East Quarterly (December, 2016); http://www.meforum.org/6400/celebrating-orientalism.
  • “On the Dangers of Ignoring Apocalyptic Icebergs, Y1K and Y2K,” Groniek: Historisch Tijdschrift (February 2015): 387-409.
  • “Proud to be Ashamed to be a Jew: On Jewish Self-Criticism and Its Pathologies,” ISGAP Working Papers Series, 9, 2015; http://isgap.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Landes_Proud_to_be_Ashamed_Working_Paper.pdf.
  • “Millenarianism/Millennialism,” Vocabulary for the Study of Religion, ed. Kocku van Stukrad and Robert Segal (Leiden: Brill, 2015), vol. 2, pp. 430-440.
  • “Millenarianism/Millennialism, Eschatology, Apocalypticism, Utopianism,” Handbook of Medieval Culture, ed. Albrecht Classen (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015), vol 2, pp. 1093-1112.
  • “The Varieties of the Millennial Experience,” The Apocalyptic Complex: Origins-Histories-Permanences. Nadia Al-Bagdadi, David Marno, and Matthia Riedl (Budapest: Central European University, 201*).
  • “From Counting Down to Counting Out: On the Relationship between Apocalyptic and Normal Time in the Western Passion for Precise Time Measurement,” The Measure and Meaning of Time in Mesoamerica and the Andes, ed. Anthony F. Aveni (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 2015), chapter 2.
  • “Fatal Attraction: The shared antichrist of the Global Progressive Left and Jihad” in The Case Against Academic Boycotts Of Israel, Cary Nelson and Gabriel Brahm (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2014), chap. 20.
  • “The Silenced Millennium and the Fall of Rome: Augustine and the Year 6000 AM I,” in Augustine and Apocalyptic, ed. John Doody, Kari Kloos, and Kim Paffenroth (New York: Lexington Press, 2013), pp. 151-75.
  • “Anti-Semitism: Medieval, Modern, Postmodern, Part I,”Journal for the Study of Anti-Semitism, 5:1 (2013): 153-78 http://jsantisemitism.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Antisemitism-medieval-modern.pdf.
  • “Can the Church be Desperate, Warriors be Pacifist, and Commoners Ridiculously Optimistic? On the Historian’s Imagination and the Peace of God” in Center and Periphery: Studies on Power in the Medieval World in Honor of William Chester Jordan, ed. Katherine L. Jansen, G. Geltner and Anne E. Lester (Leiden, 2013), pp. 79-92.
  • “From Useful Idiot to Useful Infidel: Meditations on the Folly of 21st Century “Intellectuals” in Intellectuals and Terror: the Fatal Attraction, ed. Anna Geifman and Helena Rimon, special issue of the journal Terrorism and Political Violence, 25:4 (2013): 621-34.
  • “On Moral Narcissism and the Masochistic Omnipotence Syndrome,” Clio’s Psyche, 18:1 (2011): 28-31.
  • “Introduction,” The Paranoid Apocalypse, pp. 1-20.
  • “The Melian Dialogue, the Protocols, and the Paranoid Imperative,” The Paranoid Apocalypse, pp. 23-33.
  • “Jewish Self-Criticism, Progressive Moral Schadenfreude and the Suicide of Reason: Reflections on the Protocols in the ‘Postmodern’ Era,” The Paranoid Apocalypse, 229-50.
  • “The Goldstone Report Part I: A Failure of Intelligence,” MERIA, 13:4 (2009)
  • “Goldstone’s Gaza Report: Part Two: A Miscarriage Of Human Rights,” MERIA, 13:4 (2009)
  • “Jews as Contested Ground in Post-Modern Conspiracy Theory,” Jewish Political Studies Review, Vol. 19, Nos. 3-4 (2007), 9-34.
  • “Edward Said and the Culture of Honor and Shame: Orientalism and Our Misperceptions of the Arab-Israeli Conflict,” in Donna Divine and Philip Salzman, eds., Postcolonial Theory and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (London: Routledge, 2007) [Special issue of Israel Affairs,13:4 (2007), 844-58.
  • “Economic Development and Demotic Religiosity: Reflections on the Eleventh-Century Takeoff,” History in the Comic Mode: The New Medieval Cultural History, ed. Rachel Fulton and Bruce Holsinger (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007), pp. 101-16.
  • “Roosters Crow, Owls Hoot: On the Dynamics of Apocalyptic Millennialism,” in War in Heaven, Heaven on Earth: Theories of the Apocalyptic, Glen S. McGhee & Stephen O’Leary (Equinox Press, London, 2005), pp. 19-46.
  • “Millennialism,” Encyclopedia of Protestantism, ed. Hans Hillerbrand (Routledge, 2004) 3, 1236-41.
  • “Millennialism,” The Oxford Handbook of New Religious Movements, ed. James Lewis (Oxford U. Press, 2004), pp. 333-58
  • “A White Mantle of Churches: Millennial Dynamics and the Written and Architectural Record,” in The White Mantle of Churches: Architecture, Liturgy, and Art around the Millennium, ed. Nigel Hiscock and Nancy Wu (New York, 2002), pp. 251-66.
  • “What Happens when Jesus Doesn’t Come? Jewish and Christian Relations in Apocalyptic Time,” in Millennial Violence: Past Present and Future, Jeffrey Kaplan (Frank Cass, London, 2002), pp. 243-74.
  • “The Fruitful Error: Reconsidering Millennial Enthusiasm,” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 32:1 (2001), 89-98
  • “The Historiographical Fear of an Apocalyptic Year 1000: Augustinian History Medieval and Modern,” Speculum 75 (2000), 97-145
  • “Apocalyptic Expectation, Anti-Semitism, and the Dynamics of Western Culture at the Approach of the Year 2000,” in A New Millennium: From Dialogue to Reconciliation, Christian and Jewish Reflections, ed. Eugene J. Fisher and Leon Klenicki (ADL, New York, 2000), pp. 43-50.
  • “Qui a peur de l’an mil ? Un débat électronique aux approches de l’an 2000,” par P. J. Geary, R. Landes, A.G. Remensnyder, T. Reuter, dirigé par B.H. Rosenwein, in L’an mil en 2000 = Medievales 37 (1999), 15-55
  • “The Birth of Popular Heresy: A Millennial Phenomenon,” Journal of Religious History 24 (2000): 26-43.
  • “Introduction” to the second edition of Arthur Mendel, Vision and Violence, University of Michigan Press, 1999, pp. v-xviii.
  • “Owls and Roosters: Y2K and Millennium’s End,” in Calling Time: Religion and Change at the Turn of the Millennium, Martyn Percy (Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield, 2000), pp. 233-61.
  • “While God Tarried: Modernity as Frankenstein’s Millennium,” Deolog, 4 (1997), 6-9, 22-27, 41, 45.
  • “Terreurs apocalyptiques et mutations personelles et sociales: Sur les dynamiques psychologiques de l’attente eschatologique,” in Avoir Peur, special issue of Le fait de l’analyse 3 (1997): 163-79.
  • “The Apocalyptic Year 1000: Then and Now” in The Year 2000, ed. Charles Strozier and Michael Flynn (Rowman and Littlefield, London, 1997), pp. 13-29; reprinted without notes in The 21st Century, ed. Hilary D. Claggett, special edition of The Reference Shelf 71:5 (1999): 12-32; translated into German, Das apokalyptische Jahr 1000: Damals und heute. Skeptiker (1999) 12, 1/2, 17-31.
  • “Rodulfus Glaber and the Dawn of the New Millennium: Eschatology, Historiography and the Year 1000” Revue Mabillon s 7 [=68] (1996): 1-21.
  • “The Massacres of 1010: On the Origins of Popular Anti-Jewish Violence in Western Europe,” in From Witness to Witchcraft: Jews and Judaism in Medieval Christian Thought, ed. Jeremy Cohen (Wolfenbüttel: Wolfenbüttler Mittelalterlichen-Studien, 1996), pp.79-112.
  • “Owls, Roosters,and Apocalyptic Time: A Historical Method for Reading a Refractory Documentation,” Union Seminary Quarterly Review 49 (1996): 165-85.
  • “Autour d’Adémar de Chabannes (+1034): Précisions chronologiques au sujet du Limousin vers l’an Mil” Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique du Limousin 122 (1994): 23-54.
  • “Sur les traces du Millennium: La via negativa,” Le Moyen Age, 99 (1993), 5-26.
  • Millenarismus absconditus: L’historiographie augustinienne et l’An Mil,” Le Moyen Age 98:3-4 (1992): 355-77
  • “Une nouvelle hérésie est né dans le monde,” with Pierre Bonnassie, in Les sociétés méridionales autour de l’An Mil: Répertoire de sources et documents commentés, ed. Michel Zimmermann (Toulouse: CNRS, 1992), pp. 435-59
  • “Introduction: France at the Turn of the Millennium,” with Thomas Head, in The Peace of God, ed. Head and Landes (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992), pp. 1-20; reprinted in The 1000s (Greenhaven Press, 2001).
  • “Between Aristocracy and Heresy: Popular Participation in the Limousin Peace of God (994-1032)” in Head and Landes, The Peace of God (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992), pp. 184-219
  • “La vie apostolique en Aquitaine au tournant du millennium: Paix de Dieu, culte de reliques et communautés ‘hérétiques’,” Annales, 46:3 (1991): 573-83.
  • “The absence of St. Martial of Limoges from the Pilgrim’s Guide: A Note Based on Work in Progress,” in The Codex Calixtinus and the Shrine of St. James, ed. John Williams (Tübingen, 1991), pp. 231-37.
  • “Anachronistic economics: grain storage in medieval England,” with John Komlos, Economic History Review, 2nd ser. 44.1 (1990): 36-45; “Alice to the Red Queen. Re: imperious econometrics,” with John Komlos, EHR 133-36.
  • “L’accession des Capétiens: Une reconsidération selon les sources,” Religion et Culture autour de l’An Mil: Royaume capétien et Lotharingie (Paris: Picard, 1990), pp.151-66
  • “Literacy and the Origins of Inquisitorial Christianity: The Exegetical Battle between Hierarchy and Community in the Christian Empire (300-500),” in Social History and Issues in Human Consciousness: Some Interdisciplinary Connections, ed. A.E. Barnes & P.N. Stearns (New York: New York University Press, 1989), pp. 137-70
  • “Lest the Millennium be Fulfilled: Apocalyptic Expectations and the Pattern of Western Chronography, 100-800 CE,” The Use and Abuse of Eschatology in the Middle Ages, ed. W. Verbeke, D. Verhelst, and A. Welkenhuysen (Katholieke U., Leuven, 1988), 137-211
  • “The Dynamics of Heresy and Reform: Popular Participation in the ‘Peace of God’ Movement in Limoges, 994-1033),” Essays on the Peace of God: The Church and the People in Eleventh Century France, ed. Thomas Head and Richard Landes, special issue of Historical Reflections/Réflexions historiques, 14.3 (1987): 467-511.
  • “A Libellus from St. Martial at the Time of Ademar of Chabannes: Un faux à Retardement,” Scriptorium, 37 (1983): 178-204.

Encyclopedia articles:

World Encyclopedia of Peace (Pergamon Press, 1984): Pax Dei, (with F. Paxton)

The Dictionary of the Middle Ages (MacMillan Press, 1986, 1989):

  • Radulphus Glaber
  • Year Thousand, Terrors of

Lexikon des Mittelalters (Artemis Verlag, 1993): “Sankt Martial”

Dictionary of the Social Sciences (Garland, 1994):

  • Millennialism
  • Scapegoating

Encyclopedia of Medieval France, ed. John Henneman and Grover Zinn (Garland, 1995):

  • 1) Castellan 2) Commune 3) Consuetudines 4) Hugh Capet 5) Peace of God 6) Robert II 7) Truce of God 8) Adalbero of Laon 9) Ademar of Chabannes 10) Apostolic Heresies 11) Cappuciati 12) Cathars 13) Heresy 14) Saint Martial 15) Millenarianism 16) Rodulfus Glaber 17) Waldensians 18) William of Volpiano

Dictionnaire encyclopédique du Moyen Age chrétien (Editions du Cerf):

  • L’an Mil, Paix et Trève de Dieu, Adémar de Chabannes

Encyclopedia of World Religions, ed. Wendy Doniger (Merriam-Webster, Springfield MA, 1999) “Eschatology,” pp. 727-37

Encyclopedia of Millennialism and Millennial Movements, ed. Richard Landes (Routledge, NY, 2000):

  • Introduction, Western Millennialism, Peace of God, Year 1000

Encyclopedia of Fundamentalism, ed. Brenda Brasher (Routledge, NY, 2001): Chiliasm

Encyclopedia of Science and Religion, J. Wentzel Vrede van Huyssteen (Macmillan Reference, NY, 2002):

  • “End of the World, Religious and Philosophical Aspects,” “Millennialism”

Encyclopedia of Protestantism, ed. Hillerbrand (Routledge, 2003), “Millennialism in the Reformation”

Encyclopedia of Witchcraft: The Western Tradition, Richard Golden (ABL-CIO ltd., London, 2006), “Millennialism,” “Jules Michelet”

Handbook of the Middle Ages, “Millenarianism/Millennialism, Eschatology, Apocalyptic, Utopianism,” ed. Albert Classen (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2015), vol. 2, 1093-1112.

Book Reviews:

Stephen White, Custom, Kinship and Gifts to Saints, in Journal of Ritual Studies, 4.1 (1990): 369-72

Geoffrey Koziol, Begging Pardon and Favor, in Speculum 68 (1993): 822-824

John France, Radulphus Glaber’s Quinque libri historiarum, in Speculum 68:1 (1993): 247-49

Marcus Bull, Knightly Piety and the Lay Response to the First Crusade, in Speculum, 71 (1996): 135-38

Robert Bartlett, The Making of Europe, in Social History, 30 (1996): 546-52

Eugen Weber, Apocalypses: Prophecies, Cults and Millennial Beliefs through the Ages in Journal of Interdisciplinary History 32 (2001):89-98

Robert Lerner, The Feast of Abraham: Medieval Millenarianism and the Jews, in Speculum 79:3 (2004): 789-792

Eran Kaplan, Post-Zionism, in Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs, 2015

Edward Alexander, Jews Against Themselves, in Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs, 2016.

James Palmer, The Apocalypse in the Early Middle Ages, in The Medieval Review, 2016.

WEBSITES:

Center for Millennial Studies: http://www.mille.org

The Second Draft: http://seconddraft.org

The Augean Stables: http://theaugeanstables.com

Understanding the Goldstone Report: http://goldstonereport.com

DOCUMENTARIES:

According to Palestinian Sources, I: Pallywood (21 minutes, September 2005)

According to Palestinian Sources, II: Muhamed al Durah and Talal abu Rahma (December 2005)

According to Palestinian Sources, III: Icon of Hatred: al Durah’s Global Impact (June 2007)       

Conferences Organized:

  • Program of three panels entitled “The Terrestrial and The Heavenly Peace in the Middle Ages” Conference on Medieval Transformations (Utrecht, May 9-11)
  • The Millennial Cusp: Western Culture at the Approach of a Millennial Date, Public Panel (Boston, October 22, 1996)
  • Music of the Millennium: Ademar’s Apostolic Mass of 997 Anno Passionis, Public Performance with Introductory Playlet (Marsh Chapel, Boston University, November 2, 1996)
  • The Apocalyptic Year 1000: History and Historiography, 1st International Conference of Millennial Studies (November 3-5, 1996, Boston University).
  • Israel and Antichrist: Jews in Christian Apocalyptic Scenarios, Public Panel discussion (Hebrew College, November 5, 1996)
  • The Apocalyptic Outsider: Millennial Views of the “Unbeliever” in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, 2nd International Conference on Millennial Studies (Boston University, Nov. 1997)
  • Knowing of a Time, Knowing the Time: On Dating the End of the World 3rd International Conference on Millennial Studies (Boston University, Nov. 1998)
  • Millennialism and Its Risks: The Case for Jerusalem 2000 (Jerusalem, June 20-23, 1999)
  • New World Orders: Millennialism in the Western Hemisphere, 4th International Conference on Millennial Studies (Boston University, Nov. 1999)
  • Advisory Taskforce on the Millennium in Jerusalem (Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, Jerusalem Israel)
  • Swords into Plowshares: Mass Enthusiasm, Peace Movements and Transformational Millennialism, 5th International Conference on Millennial Studies (Boston University, Oct. 2000)
  • Unbinding Prometheus to Build the New Jerusalem: Millennialism, Technology, and Power, 6th International Conference on Millennial Studies (Boston University, Nov. 2001)
  • Sweet in the Mouth, Bitter in the Stomach: Millennial Disappointment and its Transformations (7th International Conference on Millennial Studies (Boston University, Nov. 2002)
  • Reconsidering the “ Protocols of the Elders of Zion”: 100 Years after the Forgery (Boston University, Oct. 30-31, 2005, Boston University)
  • Media as Theater of War: Lessons from Lebanon (Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya, December 2006)
  • Generation Caliphate: Apocalyptic Global Jihad (Boston University, June 2015).

Symposium Series at Center for Millennial Studies

  • Marian Apparitions and the Millennium (Boston University, February 7, 1999)
  • Holocaust as Millennial Moment (Boston University, March 7, 1999)
  • Engendering the Millennium (Boston University, April 18, 1999)
  • Y2K Municipal Scenario Enactment (Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, January, 1999)
  • Chinese Millennialism: Political Authority and Protest (Boston University/Harvard University May, June, 2002)

COURSES OFFERED:

Critical Readings in History

Western Civilization: Origins to the Renaissance

Medieval History (300-1400)

The Early Middle Ages (300-1000)

The High Middle Ages (1000-1450)

Medieval France (400-1450)

Medieval Heresies

Medieval Popular Culture

English History: Tudor and Stuart

Europe and the Millennium (Christian Origins to Present)

Comparative Missions to the Tribes: Early Medieval Europe and Colonial Africa

Narrative, Film and History: The Middle Ages and Early Modern Europe

Isonomia: On the Origins of Democracy in the West

History of Western Moral and Political Thought

Communications Revolutions from Language to Cyberspace

Honor-Shame Cultures: Middle Ages, Middle East

Biblical Origins of Democratic Culture

The Mainstream Media Coverage of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

 

14 Responses to Richard Landes CV

  1. Philip says:

    I think you’ll like to know that you were mentioned early on in a recent lecture by Rabbi Jonathan Sacks. He mentioned your thesis about millenialism and antisemitism. As a teaser, I’ll mention that at one point, Rabbi Sacks said, “Landes got it right.”
    http://www.torahmediaatlanta.com/guest-speakers/rabbi-lord-jonathan-sacks/
    Kindly email me to acknowledge receiving this post.

  2. de la calle says:

    dear Mr Landes

    I am a PhD student in contract law, and I am very interested in doing connections between law evolution (because my study is on judiciail breach of contract – french law) and collapse of civlisation or social way of life that probably change during last century (XXth)

    Also I ask you if you wrote something on way of life or way to act (habits) in terms of unilateralism which is law way to talk about egoism ou individualistic way to act.

    By example, you have any contract, supposed to be well negotiated, good previsions, in which both of two parties take interest in in for a period of 5 years. then, one of them find a lower price (economism, new XXIth century’s religion) and decide, before the 5 years are ended to break the contract; some of theories named “effiocient breach of contrat” tell you that it’s a m&ay to make a more fluent economic system…

    for me, that’s a trahison of engagement and prevision… and in a few time, every body will become less confident in people and will take big garanties because not to pay the cost of that incertainty… by and large, that’s a return to the age of nature, english version, in the sense of homo homini lupus wirtten by Hobbes.

    for me this is also a civilisation falling in micro-economic termes of analysis and finally big collapse of a general system…

    there are finally two questions i ask you for :

    1 ) what do you think about that theory ?
    2 ) did you write someting that by and large should be close to that ideas or dialectics ?

    Hope you ‘ll havea positive considerationon a humble proposition from a french student

    kind regards
    cedric de la calle at [email protected]

  3. Oscar Bona says:

    According to Jewish religious writings, the whole planet has been made exclusively for the Torah and the Jewish persons. All the rest of us are subhuman beasts crafted simply to serve the Jew.

    • steve Dee says:

      Hey Oscar,
      Could you please be specific what Jewish Religious writings informed this unique perspective of yours… I am of the Jewish faith and people and this is a new one on me…

      Thanks

  4. […] Richard Landes, who is a professor of history, particularly millennialism, at Boston University wrote recently at his blog The Augean Stables on the phenomenon of lethal narratives in the reporting of the conflicts between Israel and her neighbors, particularly the Palestinians in a post Poison in the Middle East Conflict.  Richard seems to have been touched off in this case by two cartoons by Chappatte, which you can find at the top of his post or at Chappette’s website. […]

  5. […] Boston University history professor Richard Landes who blogs at TheAugeanStables: COGNITIVE […]

  6. Syd Kaminsky says:

    Richard – a very impressive CV.

    Your comments are very astute.

    The question is why the international community acts towards Israel as they do.

    Some possible reasons:

    1. The left are addicted to ’causes’ and the Palestinians have been ‘modeled’ into a cause that they can rally to (obviously one has to totally ignore the extreme anti democratic and regressive forces in the Palestinian movement but they do so with aplomb, assigning this to victimhood rather than religion/culture).

    2. To the left Israel is the prosecutor of the American ‘Will to Power’, her enforcer in the ME (the focus of US interests due to oil) so anti- Americanism (anti- US imperialism) manifests itself as anti- Zionism. Again a totally distoreted understanding of the nature of US – Israel relations.

    3. A need to appease Arabs who sit on a large part of the world’s oil reserves and a need to appease Muslims who constitute a significant percentage of the Developing World (blocs in the UN).

    4 Anti Semitism

    I’m sure there are other reasons as well.

  7. Noting that you graduated college in 1971, which would make you about 8 years younger than moi, I wonder if you attended Camp Modin in Canaan Maine in the 1961-3 era, when I was a counsellor there. I have just come upon your interesting work in the Tablet. If you are the Richard I recall and would like to compare notes, it might be fun.
    I’m a psychiatrist in Newton, MA. You could not be far away.
    I was Goldwasser in those days.

  8. […] ever heard came to me while researching a story on religious aspects  of the Y2K scare. I asked Richard Landes, medieval history professor at Boston University and an expert on apocalyptic thinking, why […]

  9. […] Studies (CMS) and Scholars for Peace in the Middle East. The organizer and driving force was Dr. Richard Landes, eminent scholar of medieval European (Christian) apocalyptic thought and director of the CMS until […]

  10. […] imperialist, colonialist force.  Islam is a colonialist, imperialist enterprise,” historian Richard Landes […]

  11. […] that makes me, who am writing a book subtitled A Medievalist’s Guide to the 21st […]

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